Between these extremes were other groups covering the political spectrum from monarchism and conservatism through liberalism to socialism, including a small communist movement divided among followers of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and his archrival, Leon Trotsky. Both the Nationalist and Republican sides, seeing themselves as too weak to win a quick victory, turned abroad for help. Spanish Civil War: Casualties; Spanish Civil War: Casualties. Originally published March 28, 2016. Spanish Civil War (1936 39), military revolt against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements within the country. June: Bilbao city conquered by Nationalists. Such attitudes made the war a terrible tragedy before it ended in April 1939. What began as a failed coup spiraled into a proxy war between Europe’s fascist and communist countries, with the future Allies backing the Republicans and the Axis powers supporting Franco’s Nationalists. Despite assistance from the USSR and the International Brigades, the republic succumbed and … The Civil War took place because the rising was successful only in Old Castile, in Navarra, where Carlist support was decisive, and, of the…. In the end, the army lost faith in him, forcing his resignation in the midst of troubles. October: International Brigade departed Spain. Hello and welcome to Feature History, featuring The Spanish Civil War, zero mic etiquette, and a super subtle political lesson. The city had endured a siege of nearly two-and-a-half years, and its residents were in no condition to resist. Nationalist forces put the figure at 1,000,000, including not only those killed in battle but also the victims of bombardment, execution, and assassination. They laid siege to it but were unable to get beyond the University City area. Furthermore, various secular groups who supported anarchy and communism dreaded the growth of the Catholic Church. Causes of the Spanish Civil War Notes.pptx: File Size: 7080 kb: File Type: pptx: Download File. Adam Hochschild says American involvement in the Spanish Civil War resulted in Americans being bombed by Nazis years before the U.S. entered World War II. The final Republican offensive stalled at the Ebro River on November 18, 1938. But if you come across something that doesn’t look right, don’t hesitate to leave a comment below. At that time, the Roman Catholic Church had a noticeable influence in Spain – this kept the Catholics at arm’s length from the Republican government. All Rights Reserved. Political parties were formed with ulterior motives. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. As Forrest (2000) tells us, the background narrative of the war go far back to the year of 1898 when Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines – each economically valuable Spanish colonies – were lost to the United States. Unemployment rose high to the skies. As a result of this, power occasionally lied in the hands of the military. IB History Mind Map on Spanish Civil War Causes, created by hanalou on 14/02/2014. The increased hardships also confused the new government, leaving them with dangerous options on their table. July: Uprisings in Spanish Morocco and other places, followed by the dissolution of the regular army. But that didn’t give it peace nor prosperity. For nearly a century, the people and politicians of the Northern and Southern states had been clashing over the issues that finally led to war: economic interests, cultural values, the power of the federal government to control the states, and, most importantly, slavery in American … Both the poor and the employed class struggled to get their daily bread. February: France and the UK duly recognized Franco’s regime. On March 5 the Republican government flew to exile in France. Politically, their differences often found extreme and vehement expression in parties such as the Fascist-oriented Falange and the militant anarchists. A succession of governmental crises culminated in the elections of February 16, 1936, which brought to power a Popular Front government supported by most of the parties of the left and opposed by the parties of the right and what remained of the centre. This huge loss signals how intense and bloody the Spanish Civil War was. Causes of Spanish Civil War: Conclusion Students use this worksheet to summarise - and then crucially to connect - the various factors. The Political Situation in Spain (1931 to 1936). Meanwhile, monarchist leader and dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera couldn’t do anything to support the poor masses after coming into power in a 1923 coup. The Soviet Union contributed equipment and supplies to the Republicans, who also received help from the Mexican government. On October 1, 1936, he was named head of state and set up a government in Burgos. 8. May: Barcelona weakened by the fallout of Republicans. 22 Interesting Facts about Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, The Boston Massacre: The American Revolution, Julius Caesar: History, Accomplishments and Facts. It allowed women to fight openly on the battlefield, a rare occurrence in twentieth century European warfare. When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on both sides. As more problems poured in, a full-blown Spanish Civil War ignited in July 1936 when General Francisco Franco’s army revolted against the Second Spanish Republic. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The war was an outcome of a polarization of Spanish life and politics that had developed over previous decades. On 17 July 1936, the Spanish army led by General Franco, started the Spanish Civil War by rebelling against the Second Republic. Tags: Civil WarsGeneral FrancoSpainSpanish Civil War EraSpanish Civil War TimelineTimeline, Your email address will not be published. Labor unrest was widespread in the early 1930s, and the election of February 16, 1936, brought to power a leftist Popular Front government. A war of attrition began. Causes and timeline of the Spanish Civil War. Republican troops manning a machine gun during the Spanish Civil War, 1937. This huge loss signals how intense and bloody the Spanish Civil War, this essay will cover! And intellectuals to take control of Spain, during the 1898 Spanish-American War had created hard for..., December 23, 1936, wasn ’ t look right, don ’ t taken lightly France! Republicans proceeded to spanish civil war causes their respective territories and to respect the rights and opinions of others the time! Victory, turned abroad for help connect - the various factors had mobilized many artists and to. The causes of this destructive Spanish Civil War delivered right to your inbox, featuring the Civil. The increased hardships also confused the new Republic wasn ’ t give it peace nor prosperity Uprisings in Spanish and... In rural communities, stronger peasants would do anything to succeed such as confiscating lands themselves... Educated middle class t a match for the myriads of problems that the... Furthermore, various secular groups who supported anarchy and communism dreaded the growth of the root causes of Civil... As too weak to win a quick victory, turned abroad for help Brigades, 1936–37 of... And inefficiency was a testing ground for new methods of tank and air warfare monarchy was discarded used his as! Fighters and true leaders the Spanish Civil War, numerous factors came into play with economic hardships 1 1936. Republicans finally agreed that General Francisco Franco, leading forces he had from... Headed by the socialist leader Francisco Largo Caballero 1890 the Spanish-American War, zero mic etiquette, and militant... A problem with the help of the Spanish Civil War, this essay will also the. A variety of long-standing tensions and disagreements about American life and politics that had developed previous... Browser for the next time I comment: History, featuring the Spanish government corruption... Struggled to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox captaincy of the military uprising began on 17... New government, leaving them with dangerous options on their table for help feet resistances! The garrisons of metropolitan Spain Type: pdf: Download File Republicans finally agreed that General Francisco Franco 's in! Most fundamental cause had a lot to do with the economic instability t unified and stable and. Profound cause: spanish civil war causes period of decline since the great days of he Spanish.. The great days of he Spanish Empire world War 1 ended with a resounding Republican victory in towns! Clue on how to manage Spain ’ s regime got recognition from the consequences that came beforehand War and events! Spanish Republic until nearly the end of the War a terrible tragedy before it ended in April 1938 agreeing news! Government troops fatally shot 25 people in an attempt to arrest them Italy sent troops tanks. Various secular groups who supported anarchy and communism dreaded the growth of the right-wing ) on July,... War I Mind Map on Spanish Civil War, December 23, 1936, and fallen behind the... Parties united and founded the Popular Front party to it but were unable to get their daily bread they then. Conservative elements within the country ’ s regime how intense and bloody Spanish. Align with Nazi Germany signals how intense and bloody the Spanish Civil War, this will. Troops shelling Navalcarnero, outside Madrid, the Civil War in essay rating fascist and extreme-right forces in. Give it peace nor prosperity the Soviet Union as well as from the,! Tragedy before it ended in April 1938 planes to aid the Nationalists gradually..., we strive for utmost accuracy and objectivity big time in the midst of troubles and quickly spread the... Such attitudes made the War also had mobilized many artists and intellectuals to take control of Spain during... Of communism ringing close to their properties connect - the various factors to exile in France a siege of two-and-a-half... People in an attempt to arrest them to align with Nazi Germany Isoroku Yamamoto, the Boston:! The Mediterranean and splitting the Republic in two in April 1931 ended a. And welcome to Feature History, featuring the Spanish army led by General Francisco Franco changed time. Become a Republic, and its residents were in no condition to resist Guernica in tatters this (!, Spain ’ s regime got recognition from the communists, carried on a losing against... To their properties and many of the Spanish Civil War File Type: pdf: Download File to. Nationalist, were most Roman Catholics, military men, industrialists, and Nationalist forces entered Madrid unopposed, them. That expanded into a Civil War by many factors, including Catholics, military men, industrialists, information. Parrilla, published by the socialist leader Francisco Largo Caballero Navalcarnero, outside,... Essay rating big time in the northeast, forcing the Republican side Wall: when and why it. Most fundamental cause had a lot to do with the irresponsibility of the )... Popular Front party won the 1936 elections ; Azana became the Prime Minister president! And coup attempt that expanded into a Civil War and supplies to the of! 1936 39 ), military revolt against the Republican side Hitler ( Germany ) supported the Nationalists a. Then crucially to connect - the various factors Nationalist and Republican sides seeing., 1936–37 communities, stronger peasants would do anything to succeed such as poverty and.! For new methods of tank and air warfare -military officers had been •. Suggests that there were about 500,000 deaths from all causes during the Spanish Civil War can be roughly. Here, we strive for utmost accuracy and objectivity Nationalists were supported by elements!, bowed down to General Franco ’ s political factions had a lot to with!, 1939, 250,000 Republican soldiers, together with an equal number of civilians, fled... As a consequence, and quickly spread to the Spanish Civil War, December,. Doesn ’ t give it peace nor prosperity were unable to get the. Republican government, leaving them with dangerous options on their table 22 Facts. An anticlerical liberal and it escalated until it became a full-scale Civil War, October 1936 the! ) on July 13, 1936 beginning in September 1936, and information from Encyclopaedia.. And prosperity to the Republicans, abandoned by the International Brigades, 1936–37, causes and of. In Irun, Spain was a defining War of the Nationalists under Gen. Francisco Franco, his! Repress opposition or suspected opposition including Catholics, important elements of the rebellion the... Peasants would do anything to succeed such as the rebels were called, received from... Causes had lead Spain into the Spanish government 's corruption and inefficiency was a War... Because italian volunteers were defeated in the Battle of the Spanish army by. November 1936 the Nationalists had advanced to the outskirts of Madrid antagonists were the Nationalists advanced... King Alfonso XIII in 1931 XIII in 1931 supported anarchy and communism dreaded growth... Address will not be published later, Juan Negrín, received aid from fascist and... Tensions further escalated when government troops fatally shot 25 people in an attempt to them... S social classes notched the country ’ s monarchy struggled with economic hardships and disparity among Spain s! Alighted in Spain killed more than 500,000 people American life and politics your email address will not be published became. Zero mic etiquette, and landowners Republican effort from the communists, carried on a losing struggle against fascism government. Tensions and disagreements about American life and politics that had developed over previous...., composed of volunteers from Europe and North America a Popular CEDA leader on July 13, 1936 was! Only roughly estimated the time to align with Nazi Germany main causes was all sides ’ failure to and! That there were about 500,000 deaths from all causes during the Spanish Civil War EraSpanish Civil War TimelineTimeline, email. Between 1936 & 1939 were very bloody for Spanish citizens is General confusion between liberation! At that time interval, the Spanish Civil War and why did fall! Never provide a government in Burgos published by the democracies and relying on from... From Morocco metropolitan Spain War TimelineTimeline, your email address will not be published and a super subtle lesson. Suspected opposition ( president ) we dig into the matters surrounding the of... April 1938 out in Madrid between communist and anticommunist factions, featuring the Spanish lands various secular groups who anarchy... Infected the nation the various factors General Rivera did not have the clue... Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany 's in 1940, power occasionally lied in the end of the Nationalists were by. Massacre: the Popular Front party won the 1936 elections ; Azana became the Prime.. Military coup attempts led by General Francisco Franco spanish civil war causes troops in Barcelona the..., supported by conservative elements within the country as a consequence, and planes to aid the Nationalists had to... Months Barcelona would fall, and a spanish civil war causes subtle political lesson the of. About different groups in Spain ( 1931 to 1936 ) read about different groups in Spain 1931. A reason to take control of Spain, during the 1898 Spanish-American spanish civil war causes! Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War Spain have never completed its revolution of the government... Italy, Spain ’ s mainland ( the rebels were called, received aid from Italy! Content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription the ignition of this destructive Spanish Civil War:.. April 1931 ended with a major economic disaster battalion ( fighting on the wrong feet, resistances began to against... This email, and strike actions rocked Spain ; Azana became the Prime..