Giving them inspirational essay topics will raise … Rather, these two behaviours depicted four leadership styles: (a) High consideration – High initiating structure, (b) Low consideration – Low initiating structure, (c) High consideration – Low initiating structure. Leader enjoys this power because of connection with influential people. The change process can be smoothly carried out by overcoming factors that produce resistance to change. In participative theories, however, the leader retains the right to allow the input of others. The path goal theory suggests ways that leader adopts to help workers attain their goals. Plagiarism Prevention 5. Both management and employees look forward to satisfy each others’ needs and both the needs are satisfied to a substantial extent. As regards second aspect of identifying and comparing the traits of effective leaders with those of ineffective leaders, the studies have not been able to identify any set of traits which distinguish effective or successful leaders from ineffective or unsuccessful ones. Report a Violation 11. 4-5 stars based on 106 reviews How do you write chapter titles in essay: tesla case study slideshare. The democratic leader makes decisions by consulting his team, but maintains control over the group activities. Employee-oriented style aims to complete the task through friendly behaviour towards the followers and allowing them to participate in the decision-making processes. We all admire someone for their leadership skills. Kurt Lenin, Ronald Lippitt and Ralph White conducted a research where the impact of three leadership styles; autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire, was studied on the behaviour of 20 boys. Learn by example and become a better writer with Kibin’s suite of essay help services. Their readiness to accept challenges and maturity level change from time to time due to personal, organisational and environmental factors. They exploit their potential to work and convert their desire into performance. Content Guidelines 2. However despite this, there are situations where an authoritarian leadership style is the most effective. 2. Situations that call for urgent action. While internals prefer participative style of management, externals refer directive style of management. Walter Alexander 2/12/18 Argumentation and debate What is leadership Introduction I. “Before you are a leader, success is all about growing yourself. Their innovative and creative capacities are, therefore, explored. Expressive Leadership: Expressive leadership is a group leadership that focuses on the group's well being. Autocratic leaders employ the leadership style. The organisation structure, the form of departmentalisation, the extent of centralisation and decentralisation, desires of the top management, effectiveness of various committees and work groups (both formal and informal), determine the leadership style to a large extent. 5. Task structure defines whether the task is structured (routine) or unstructured (complex). for positive contribution to organisational goals. When people work towards well-defined targets, they want feedback on their performance. They care about you and want you to succeed. (b) Characteristics of the environment and the workplace: The nature of task largely determines the leadership style. A tax expert, for example, can solve tax related matters of his fellow workers, superiors and subordinates. Even in the two extreme styles of leadership, some degree of freedom is enjoyed by subordinates (howsoever little it may be) at the extreme left corner and managers exercise some authority at the extreme right corner of the leadership continuum. Some of the appropriate conditions when this style is used are: 1. Sometimes it is the most effective style to use. Account Disable 12. Effective leaders help them to achieve personal goals along with organisational goals. 7. In general, this approach leaves the team with little direction or motivation. This contributed to the notion that leadership had something to do with breeding. One of the pioneering studies in situational theories is made by Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt. The production-centred managers accomplished group goals through identification of task, division into units, description of methods to perform each task and close supervision and control over activities of employees. The top reason for bankruptcy is poor leadership. They may find it difficult to get inspired because the leader is more impersonal, task oriented, demanding, and not considerate of their opinions. One way you can qualify as a leader in an institution is writing an argumentative essay that functions to make a … This environment prevails in highly structured situations like taking off or landing an airplane, defence services where group members follow instructions rather than take part in decision-making. While legitimate, coercive and reward power are relatively concrete sources of power based on objective aspects of organisational culture, referent power is abstract based on identification, loyalty and intimation. People are both able and willing to perform the job. As they demand subordination from followers, they must show subordination to their leaders. These situations can include: New, untrained employees who do not know which tasks to perform or which procedures to follow. This style is used when leaders tell their employees what they want done and how they want it accomplished, without getting the advice of their followers. (b) Suggestions given by subordinates may sometimes be better than what leaders can think of. There are a lot of arguments for and against each of the effective leadership styles. There should be an atmosphere of trust and understanding between leaders and stakeholders of the company for smooth running of the business. Constant interaction and participation of leaders and followers in decision-making processes improves communication amongst them. (b) Second, to be filled by leaders’ superiors, peers and subordinates. (d) Low consideration – High initiating structure. In the long-run, it may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration amongst workers. Thus, people are more or less mature in relation to specific tasks. Leaders normally adopt the style that subordinates want them to adopt. Leadership occurs in all formal and informal situations. Situation is, thus, an important variable that affects the leadership style. (e) Increase in job satisfaction and cooperation with management: Employees’ contribution to organisational goals makes them committed to their jobs and reduces inter-personal conflicts. Stop Using Plagiarized Content. They are ready to accept challenging jobs to increase their job satisfaction. It is a relatively consistent pattern of behaviour, skills and practices that characterise one’s interaction with others in a situation requiring influencing. If the leader has more position power (legitimate power), it is easy for him to exercise control over subordinates. Between the two extremes, leaders move from authoritarian to democratic style of leadership. The contribution of a leader’s actions to the effectiveness of his organisation cannot be determined without considering the nature of the situation in which that behaviour is displayed.”. Traits are “distinctive internal qualities or characteristics of an individual, such as physical characteristics, personality characteristics, skills and abilities, and social factors.”. While management assumes hierarchical relationship amongst individuals, leaders and followers may not be related to each other through the formal chain of command. This develops cordial and friendly atmosphere in the organisation. 2. Effective leaders motivate the employees to contribute to organisational output to their maximum potential. Leaders should have confidence that whatever they are doing, they are doing right. It was based on studies conducted on some successful leaders and using their traits as parameters for defining who is a successful leader. In a non-formal situation, such as a group of friends, leadership behaviour occurs when one individual takes lead in most of the group activities and influences people to work towards common goals. Authoritarian leadership styles is a method employed by leaders when implementing policies. They organized to meet specific goals and objectives. Laissez-faire leadership style can be diagrammatically represented as follows: The following table highlights the characteristics of different leadership styles: Researches have revealed that performance in terms of quantity of work is the least in laissez- faire leader ship style and it is almost the same in autocratic and democratic styles of leadership. The leaders therefore, keep constant track and change their leadership style. Leadership occurs in all formal and informal situations. Even if leaders and followers are ready to work together, the situation may not allow them to do so. Behaviors, unlike traits, can be learned, so it is followed that individuals trained in appropriate leadership behaviors would be able to lead more effectively. Leaders promote team work, change their attitude towards work, develop good human relations, facilitate interaction amongst members and maintain discipline in the organisation. Even on the basis of these traits, one cannot always say that those who possess these traits are always successful leaders. Four styles of leadership or systems are developed by Rensis Likert on the basis of leader behaviour based on seven variables. Accordingly, it helps them move to a desirable style which subordinates appreciate to feel committed to the organisation. This is similar to democratic style of leadership. They only clear the doubts of group members. Autocratic leaders make decisions and issue orders by virtue of their position and authority. Employees are expected to obey orders without receiving any explanations. Kinds of Leadership Groups typically benefit from two kinds of leadership i. e. Instrumental leadership Expressive leadership Instrumental Leadership: This kind of leadership refers to group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks. Persuasive Forms of Leadership Trust is critical in public leadership; especially when there is a necessity for change. If leader works with a group in which competence for the task is low and where people do not take responsibility and do not function as a cohesive team, the most appropriate style would be the directive type. Employees also put all their efforts to achieve those goals. Where there are good social relationships between the leader and the subordinates, the leadership style will be different from the situation where leaders and followers do not share common understanding. The power to clearly communicate various thoughts and ideas with the followers. His emphasis was more on human relations since effective methods of recruitment, selection and training enable the managers to convert the resources into effective output. People have to be guided to contribute to goals with zeal and confidence. d. It indicates that managers should attempt to move to the most desirable style, that is, 9.9 through training and development programmes. The performance of group members can be easily controlled. These early leadership theories focused on the leader (trait theories) and how the leader interacted with his or her group members (behavioral theories) while subsequent theories looked at other variables such as situational factors and skill level. The ebb and tide of world empires point to the reins handled or pulled by individuals who. The group, thus, has significant control on how tasks are to be accomplished. 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