COMMON NAME: Water Buffalo. African buffalo are hardy critters, able to live and flourish in many habitats —from semi-arid bushland to coastal savannas to lowland rainforests—as long as they’re close to a water source. The African buffalo is the continent's second biggest killer after mosquitoes killing over two hundred people every year, many of whom have attempted to hunt the animals themselves then finding they become the prey to the wounded and vengeful beast. Buffalo spend most of the year in herds of anywhere between 50 and 500, but that number jumps up into the thousands in the Serengeti during the rainy season. African buffalo have a democracy. Females also have horns, but they are much smaller. Horns can help distinguish age and sex. The Cape buffalo’s curved horns add to the stature of an already imposing animal, which can reach seven feet from tip to tail. Female buffalo horns do not have a “boss”, allowing researchers to distinguish between male and female buffalo more easily. There are currently four recognised subspecies of African buffalo, which vary greatly in size and appearance. or more. Birds such as oxpeckers, for example, ride on the back of the buffalo and eat lice, fleas, and other parasites while getting a lift. Although they are listed as being a species of "Least Concern… Physical Description. There are three forms of the savanna buffalo; the West African savanna buffalo or Sudanese buffalo (S. c. brachyceros), the central African savanna buffalo or Nile buffalo (S. c. aequinoctialis) and the southern Savanna buffalo or cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer). Buffalo Facts | Southern Africa Wildlife Guide The African buffalo is traditionally known as the meanest beast in the bush, prone to launch a killing charge at the drop of a hat. Females also have horns that are narrower and smaller. African Buffalo have incredible sense of smell compared to that of their eye sight and hearing abilities. 9. Average lifespan of the African buffalo is about 20 years in the wild. Weight: Males ±950kg, Females ±820kg's Longevity: 20 years. When they are ready to travel, they will stand and turn in the direction they want to go. In large adult males, the horns meet in the middle of their heads and are joined by a hard shield called a “boss.” This creates a helmet-esque formation. The mud helps buffalo get rid of ticks and parasites that latch onto their skin. These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. African Buffalo African buffaloes are wild animals found in the woodlands and forests of Africa. Body of African buffalo is covered with hair that can be brownish to black in color. African Buffalo. African buffaloes are violent and dangerous animals which have never been domesticated. African buffalo are known to rush to the defence of another herd member if it is under attack from a predator. The southern savanna buffalo, or cape buffalo, is the largest subspecies and weight up to 910 kilograms (2,010 pounds). The ungulates are found starting in southwest Ethiopia and through Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, and Malawi, with patchier distribution through Angola, Mozambique, and Swaziland. AMAZON. African buffalo are considered “near threatened” by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which determines the conservation listings for species, because its numbers have been decreasing. Lots of facts I didn’t know–the idea of a ‘gang’ of buffalo, or an’ obstinacy’ of buffalo seems quite appropriate now that I know more about them. The forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus) is the smallest of the subspecies and weight about 270 kilograms (595 pounds). Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. Savannah buffalo live in large herds of 50-1000 animals, comprised of smaller subgroups of bachelor males, females and their young, or juveniles. Males are larger than females sometimes by as much as twice as much. The African buffalo is among the largest herbivores in Africa. When the herd is ready to move on after resting, individuals start to stand up and face the direction in which they wish to move. Other facts. Why are African Buffalos so feared by hunters that know them as ambush hunters. Although this is the natural reaction of almost any buffalo that is being shot at, it is also done by many non-provoked, solitary males. Syncerus caffer caffer (the Cape buffalo) is the nominate subspecies and the largest one, with large males weighing up to 910 kg (2,010 lb). Humans are a predator of the African Buffalo but it has few natural predators, the main ones being lions, leopards and hyenas. 1) African Buffalo Horns Tell Many Stories In adult male African buffaloes, the base of their distinct, curving horns come so close together that the fuse. They are found in the swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. Ezulwini Game Lodges offer guests the perfect place to view the big five, one of which is the Cape buffalo. The majority of \"votes\" wins and the head female will lead the herd in the winning direction.African buffalo are very aggressive and have a tendency to attack humans. These massive mammals are undoubtedly remarkable. African Buffalo -- The current status of African cape buffalo is dependent on the existence of the animal's value to both trophy hunters and tourists, paving the way for conservation efforts through anti-poaching patrols, village crop damage payouts, and CAMPFIRE payba. This page was last changed on 20 June 2013, at 05:29. Life in the Herd. They are classified into three sub-species: Cape buffalo, West African Savanna buffalo and Forest buffalo. The African buffalo is a member of the so-called “Big Five” group of animals, with the elephant, rhino, lion and leopard. If one individual is under attack from a predator, the herd will rush to the victim’s defence, and a herd is easily capable of driving away an entire pride of lions. DIET: Herbivores. AMAZON. The base of African buffalo horns come so close together that they fuse. Dangerous Game – When you think of dangerous African wildlife, most people picture lions stalking them or African elephants trampling them. Buffalo Facts. African Buffalo inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. When herds travel the younger or weaker will stay in the center of the herd as a protective measure. Main Characteristics The African Buffalo is a stocky built member of the cow family.They have a body length between 2.1 and 3.4 m (7 - 11 ft), a tail length between 75 and 110 cms (30 - 43 inches), a shoulder height between 1.35 and 1.7 m (4.4 - 5.6 ft) and they weigh up to 685 Kgs (1510 lbs). TYPE: Mammals. The African buffalo is not endangered and has a population of 900,000, according to the African Wildlife Foundation. Savannah buffalo have horns that curve down and then up and in, like a hook, while forest buffalo have much shorter horns that are straighter and angle back. The African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), is a bovine (cloven hoofed animal). The African Cape Buffalo Is commonly found in the Hluhluwe Umfolozi Game Reserve, they require large areas and are nomadic. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. SIZE: Head and body, 8 to 9 ft; tail 2 to 3.3 ft. Birth peak takes place early in the season, while mating peaks later. African Buffalo Horns Tell Many Stories. Even though the African buffalo is the most abundant large herbivore in Africa, populations are on a downward trend due to habitat loss, poaching, drought, and disease. The African buffalo is one of the biggest and most dangerous grassland animals. African Buffaloes, also called Affalo or Cape Buffaloes, are large African bovid that inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. Depending on the subspecies, African buffalo range in color from dark brown or black (in savannah-living races) to bright red (forest buffalo). Lion, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Crocodile, Humans. The African buffalo is not endangered and has a population of 900,000, of which more than three-quarters are in protected areas. This creates shield on their heads known as a “boss”. Learn African buffalo facts for kids. We need your valuable suggestions for Improvements and Feedback. GROUP NAME: Herd. By Iris Ho on April 25 2017 in Environment. It needs to drink daily, however, so it is never more than about 9 miles (15km) from water. African buffalo are preyed on by lions, cheetahs, crocodiles, leopards hyenas, and humans, although they are only hunted by the experienced, as they are highly dangerous when threatened or attacked, and many people are killed each year by the buffalo. More Photos $ 9.99. at Amazon See It Now. They can measure between 2.4 and 3.4m (7.75-11ft) long and stand 1.5m (4.9ft) tall. Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. It is related to the Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer), Sudanese Buffalo (Syncerus caffer brachyceros) and Nile Buffalo (Syncerus cafferaequinoctialis). Characterized by their size and unique horns, the Cape buffalo, also known as the Southern Savanna buffalo, is the largest of the four African buffalo subspecies, and the largest of all bovid species in Africa. The most awesome of all cape buffalo facts is that they are so dangerous they are referred to as "the Black Death"! The African buffalo has a broad chest, large limbs and a large head. These are large hoofed mammals with an imposing pair of horns atop their heads. Well, that depends. There’s also the forest buffalo, the West Africa savanna buffalo, and the Central Africa savanna buffalo. This leopard was out hunting when it came upon a herd of wild African buffalo and seemed to think one, perhaps a calf, might make a good meal. The diet of an African Buffalo consists of grass and other vegetation. Together we … Because of this, they’re considered prize trophies by big game hunters. Here's his list. Savanna buffaloes are large, heavy cow-like animals. Newborn calves remain hidden in vegetation for the first few weeks while being nursed occasionally by the mother before joining the main herd. The African buffalo or Cape buffalo is a large African bovine. From the base, the horns diverge downwards, then smoothly curve upwards and outwards. Old males may be solitary. Buffaloes mate and give birth only during the rainy seasons. Other facts. Buffalo are considered one of the “big five,” a term grouping them with leopards, rhinoceroses, elephants, and lions as the most dangerous animals to hunt in Africa. Males are mainly solitary or they form bachelor groups consisting of 3 - 4 individuals. We asked South African hunter turned conservationist Lindsay Hunt, featured in the Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom special Buffalo Warrior, to give us 10 surprising facts about Cape buffalo. A pest to ranchers, a prize to hunters, and a temperamental tank to anything that bothers it, African buffalo roam by the thousands in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More. Like cows, buffalo chew cud to further extract nutrients. African buffaloes are wild animals found in the woodlands and forests of Africa. The adult buffalo’s horns are its characteristic feature; they have fused bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a “boss”. Within the herd are females and their youngsters, the females having a well-defined hierarchy which is helpful for cooperation and keeping the peace. Behavior. It is found in varied habitats up to 13,200ft (4,000m) high. Their short fur is black, dark brown, or reddish-brown. They can also spread diseases to livestock, including foot-and-mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis. There is only one species of buffalo in Africa, but four distinct subspecies exist: forest buffalo, West African savanna buffalo, Central African buffalo, and southern savanna buffalo. Buffalo Facts In 2018, a South African big game hunter was gored to death when a buffalo blindsided after he shot and killed another member of the herd. Are Cape Buffalo Really Dangerous? There are about 400,000 adult buffalo in Africa, according to the IUCN. The tail can range from 70 to 110 centimeters (28 to 43 inches) long. Gathering in such large groups helps dissuade predators like lions, leopards, hyenas, and African wild dogs. Their size and appearance vary based on the subspecies. Learn more. The Cape Buffalo are also bulk grazers. Interesting African buffalo Facts: African buffalo is large animal that can reach 6.8 to 11 feet in length, 3.2 to 5.6 feet in height and weight between 660 and 1900 pounds. By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. African buffalo are hardy critters, able to live and flourish in many habitats—from semi-arid bushland to coastal savannas to lowland rainforests—as long as they’re close to a water source. ... South African wildlife – Cape buffalo. To me, this portrait sums up the essence of the Cape buffalo, an imposing animal with a reputation for being grumpy and unpredictable. Cape Buffalo Facts: Animals of Africa. Being large animals they can easily overheat, so they feed mostly during the cool night, and rest during the heat of the day. We wish you Good Health. Males live in smaller groups called \"bachelor herds\" and occasionally will move about in solitary until the mating season. When feeding, the buffalo makes use of its tongue and wide incisor row to eat grass more quickly than most other African herbivores. African Buffalo. African buffaloes are violent and dangerous animals which have never been domesticated. African Buffalo Syncerus caffer. Learn more about what makes them so interesting below. The African buffalo is one of the most successful grazers in Africa. They can run at speeds of up to 57 kilometers (35 miles) per hour. Facts About African Buffalo. All rights reserved. A Cape Buffalo in the Kruger National Park of South Africa. Appearance . Der Kaffernbüffel (Syncerus caffer), auch Schwarzbüffel, Afrikanischer Büffel oder Steppenbüffel genannt, ist ein sehr großer Vertreter aus der Familie der Hornträger, welcher in weiten Teilen des östlichen und südlichen Afrikas vorkommt. The Cape buffalo is considered by many to be the most dangerous of all of the Big Five. Numbering at over 670,000, the majority of the population today lives inprotected areas, where hunting is limited and strictly controlled. In adult male African buffaloes, the base of their distinct, … This creates a sort of shield on their heads known as a “boss”. In a large group, they are also able to ward off a pride of preying lions. Bison, symbolic animals of the Great Plains, are often mistakenly called buffaloes. Facts are sorted by community importance and you can build your personalized lexicon African buffalo: Incredible Pictures and Fun Facts about African buffalo. Many stories are told about how they ambush hunters that have wounded them during hunting expeditions. Here are our 10 whacky facts about the Cape buffalo: Buffalo are actually fantastic swimmers. The sparse covering of hair over the body typically ranges from brownish to black in color. Buffaloes have earned a bad reputation from hunters and other people who come in close contact with them. Buffalo will travel through water due to the fact that Lion's don't like to get wet. The body is heavy-set, with stocky legs, a large head, and short neck. The horn span of a large African buffalo bull can exceed 1 meter (3 feet). Despite the fact that the diverse fauna of Africa is filled with wild predators, the African buffalo is attributed to animals, from which people die more often than from cheetahs, leopards, lions and other cats. Highly prized by big game hunters, these incredible creatures are members of "Africa's Big Five" - the five most difficult African animals to hunt on foot. Their weight varies between 500 and 900kg (1,110-1,985lbs). Hunting African buffalo is the most popular of all the dangerous game hunting in Africa. Buffalo are seriously aggressive if injured and hence the fact that they are one of the African Big 5. Central African savanna buffalo live in the central part of Africa on savannas; their range overlaps with that of the other kinds of buffalo. Pages: 24, Paperback, Independently published. Distinctive tassels hang from the tips of the forest buffalo’s ears. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. The largest individuals stand up to 5.5 ft. tall at the shoulder, and can weigh 2,000 lbs. The larger bulls are targeted for their trophy value, although in some areas, buffaloes are still hunted for meat. Forest buffalo live in smaller mixed herds of 8-20 animals. These large animals are known for their unpredictable behavior and will occasionally attack humans. Because of its aggressive behavior, it has not been domesticated like the domestic Asian water buffalo. AVERAGE LIFE SPAN IN THE WILD: Up to 25 years. Some call them "the Black Death" or "the widowmaker" African buffaloes are known to kill more hunters in Africa than any other wildlife animal. Hence the nickname “The Black Death”. Both male and female African buffal… Learn African buffalo facts, download lesson plans, and see field guide photos, video stories and live Kenya webcam with Mpala Live! Buffalo are the largest animals found in north America and can grow to 6-7 feet long, weighing up to 2,000lbs. "Cape buffalo are known to kill lions, and can seek out and kill lion cubs — preventative punishment." However, Capes are one of the more dangerous animals in Africa. Once popular trophies for hunters, these large and often dangerous animals have continued to capture the imagination. It has a reddish to dark red-brown coat, and smaller, swept-back horns. Despite livingin protected areas, poaching continues to be a problem, as these buffalo are prizedfor their meat as well as their horns. The African buffalo is one of the biggest and most dangerous grassland animals. It needs to drink daily, however, so it is never more than about 9 miles (15km) from water. Photograph by Ami Vitale, Nat Geo Image Collection, Watch what happens when buffalo chase a leopard up a tree, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-buffalo.html. Interesting facts about ring-tailed lemurs, Interesting facts about breakfast cereals. There are currently four recognised subspecies of buffalo; the Forest buffalo, the West African savanna buffalo, the Central African savanna buffalo and the Cape or African buffalo. An adult African buffalo is large, powerful and well-armed; it has little to fear from most predators; only a very brave or hungry lion would attack a full-grown buffalo. The Cape African Buffalo (Facts) The African buffalo made its way into the Big 5 ranking because of their size, moody behavior and their ability to charge with no warning, the African buffalo has been said to be one of the most dangerous animals to hunt on foot. African Buffalo Facts. It lives in swamps and floodplains, as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The opposite is also true. African buffalo are very dependent on water and can consume 35 … Older male buffalo, though, often strike out in smaller clusters or on their own. Buffalo are often pictured covered in mud with a bird on their back. The Cape African Buffalo (Facts) The African buffalo made its way into the Big 5 ranking because of their size, moody behavior and their ability to charge with no warning, the African buffalo has been said to be one of the most dangerous animals to hunt on foot. How the misnomer came to be is murky, but it’s thought early American settlers called bison “buffalo” because they look similar—large, brown, hulking beasts that graze—but the two animals are actually from different genuses within the bovine subfamily. The American Buffalo can be found living in the plains, river valleys, and prairies … The herd is led by a wise matriarch who chooses grazing areas and napping sites and schedules throughout most of the year. The horns are used for defense and to determine dominance for mating. Meanwhile, calves spend up to a year and a half suckling and are completely dependent on their mothers during this time. Usually, they have one calf at a time, and the female will carry the calf for a gestation period of 11 months before giving birth. Baboon Facts - Animal Facts Encyclopedia. It is found in varied habitats up to 13,200ft (4,000m) high. fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. They vary greatly not only in size but in the shapes of their horns and their coloring. They are not closely related to the water buffalo (which are a little bigger). The African, or Cape, buffalo is a member of the so-called "Big Five" group of animals, with the elephant, rhino, lion and leopard. Hunting websites refer to the buffalo as “black death” for its dangerous personality—they’re known to be grumpy and unpredictable. Lion, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Crocodile, Humans. You can find out more about the African buffalo here: African Buffalo Facts; Return to index. If you're minding your own business and … They face conservation challenges including habitat fragmentation and conflicts with humans because of their size and aggression. Herds of African buffalos appear to have a unique way of deciding in which direction to move: they vote on it! Buffalo and bison aren’t the same animals. Interesting Facts About the Buffalo. Cape buffalo danger facts. It takes several lions to bring down a fully grown African Buffalo but leopards and spotted hyenas are only a threat to calves. Incredibly sad and wrong that we may lose them through greed and indifference on the part of humans. The African buffalo is a member of the Big Five animals in South Africa, as a wounded buffalo is known to be extremely dangerous. In the 19th century, European cattle brought rinderpest—a virus that’s nearly always fatal to hoofed animals—to Africa, and it caused buffalo numbers to crash across the continent. The ears are large and tend to droop; they are edged by a long fringe of hairs, including two white tufts in forest buffalo. Let's find out some of the interesting facts about African Buffalos. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bubalus bubalis. The male is often almost twice the weight of the female, has stronger horns, a thicker neck, and a shoulder hump. "White calves are also very rare — one has been born on Hunt Africa." African Bush Elephant. It forms the bulk of their diet. A Cape buffalo, a subspecies of African buffalo, grazes in Kenya's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a red-billed oxpecker on its back. The African buffalo has a broad chest, large limbs and a large head. Dort bewohnt er offene Savannenlandschaften und bewaldete Flussgebiete des Tief- und Hochlands. African Buffalo are diurnal and nocturnal, however they are more active during the daylight hours, however they can be found resting in shade, rivers, or waterholes during the hottest hours of the day. Interesting facts: Lions are often found following large or smaller herds of buffalo, while waiting for a chance to catch and kill one. At Billy’s Lodge, there is a skywalk which provides the perfect vantage point to watch both buffalo and elephant herds wander past. The male is often almost twice the weight of the female, has stronger horns, a thicker neck, and a shoulder hump. fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. It is also known as the Cape buffalo. See what AWF is doing to prevent this species from becoming endangered. True buffalo only live in Asia and Africa. See the fact file below for more information on Buffalos or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. Two other professional hunters were killed by Cape buffalo in Zimbabwe in 2012. Cape buffalos are found in several eastern African countriesand their habitat spans as far south as South Africa, though they typically avoid desert andsubdesert areas throughout that range. Savannas are the area where the buffalo graze, while the marshes serve as wallows and help with the insects. It can be easy to see why as these enormous bovid weighs in at 800 kg for a male and 750 kg for a female. When the buffalo aren’t fighting off the occasional lion, they’re eating grass—and lots of it. . The adult African or Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) have very distinct horns. Buffalo lifestyle is actually similar to the lifestyle of the African elephant. Female buffalo horns do not have a “boss”. However, … Females and their young, including males up to 2 - 3 years old, live in herds of up to 1000 individuals. African buffalo pathfinders will break away from the herd and use a combination of sniffing the air and listening to the surrounding sounds before advancing. Habitat and Range. Females also have horns, but they are much smaller.African buffalo have a democracy. Average lifespan of the African buffalo is about 20 years in the wild. African forest buffalo are very rarely observed in the unbroken canopy of the forests. African buffalo make sounds of grunts, growls and other deep cow sounds. Buffalo are bovids, which means they have a keratin sheath covering … They are found in the swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. African Animals facts photos and videos..Africa is a wonderland for animal lovers, and a schoolroom for anyone who wants to learn about nature, beauty and the rhythm of life . Cape buffalo, (Syncerus caffer caffer), the largest and most formidable of Africa’s wild bovids (family Bovidae) and a familiar sight to visitors of African parks and reserves. Older calves are held in the center of the herd for safety. So to speak, they are second only to hippos and Nile crocodiles. The buffalo didn’t like that idea. Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. With its bulky build and thick horns, the African buffalo is considered to be a very dangerous animal as they gore and kill over 200 people every year. The African buffalo is not endangered and has a population of 900,000, according to the African Wildlife Foundation. 5. 2 … They prefer the habitat that has a dense cover of reeds and thickets. Eventually, when enough members have ‘voted’, the dominant female leads the herd off in the direction that most of the individuals have faced. Buffalo are also sometimes poached for bushmeat. "Twins are very rare — the only recorded twin birth where both calves survived occurred at Hunt Africa." WEIGHT: 1,500 to 2,650 lbs. Oct 11, 16 10:26 PM It is four times stronger than ox. Both males and females have horns, which they use to defend themselves against African predators like lions. These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. Highly prized by big game hunters, these incredible creatures are members of "Africa's Big Five" - the five most difficult African animals to hunt on foot. Interesting facts: Lions are often found following large or smaller herds of buffalo, while waiting for a chance to catch and kill one. They are classified into three sub-species: Cape buffalo, West African Savanna buffalo and Forest buffalo. The most awesome of all cape buffalo facts is that they are so dangerous they are referred to as "the Black Death"! The Cape buffalo is the only member of the buffalo and cattle tribe (Bovini) that occurs naturally in Africa. Though generally quiet, African buffalo vocalize in a number of different ways. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- A characteristic feature of the horns of adult male African buffalo is fusion of their bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a "boss". The insects, they’re considered prize trophies by big Game hunters are listed as being a of. Size, and can grow to 5 feet ( 1.5 meters ) long distinguish between male and female buffalo Tell... There’S also the forest buffalo are second only to hippos and Nile crocodiles calves up! Cattle tribe ( Bovini ) that occurs naturally in Africa, according to stature. The area where the buffalo as “black death” for its dangerous personality—they’re known to break and. 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Not only in size but in the woodlands and savannahs of Africa. if! Calves are held in the swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the population today inprotected... Protective measure the water buffalo big Game hunters about what makes them interesting! Parasites that latch onto their skin imposing pair of horns atop their heads known a. Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply meters ) long and 1.5m... Smaller clusters or on their heads known as a “ boss ” quick ID tool is looking a! Population today lives inprotected areas, buffaloes are wild animals found in the wild ancestor of domestic cattle and only... “ boss ”, allowing researchers to distinguish between male and female buffalo do... They form bachelor groups consisting of 3 - 4 individuals varies between 500 and 900kg ( 1,110-1,985lbs ) these! 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